List of Freshwater Fishes reported from Zimbabwe
(landlocked)

n = 157
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Table 1: 145 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 2 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 10 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 157 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table 1: 145 species currently present in the country/island.
     
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Order Family Species Occurrence FishBase name Name
Perciformes Sparidae Acanthopagrus berdanative Goldsilk seabream Riverbream 
Siluriformes Amphiliidae Amphilius natalensisnative Natal mountain catfish Natal mountain catfish 
Siluriformes Amphiliidae Amphilius uranoscopusnative Stargazer mountain catfish Stargazer mountain catfish 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla bicolornative Indonesian shortfin eel Shortfin eel 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla labiatanative African mottled eel African mottled eel 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla marmoratanative Giant mottled eel Madagascar mottled eel 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla mossambicanative African longfin eel Longfin eel 
Perciformes Cichlidae Astatotilapia callipteranative Eastern happy Eastern happy 
Perciformes Gobiidae Awaous aeneofuscusnative Freshwater goby Freshwater goby 
Siluriformes Bagridae Bagrus meridionalisintroduced Kampoyo  
Characiformes Alestidae Brycinus imberinative Spot-tail  
Characiformes Alestidae Brycinus lateralisnative Stripped robber Striped robber 
Characiformes Alestidae Brycinus macrolepidotusnative True big-scale tetra  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius auratusintroduced Goldfish Goldfish 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus leucasnative Bull shark Macipunde 
Perciformes Cichlidae Chetia flaviventrisnative Canary kurper Canary largemouth 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Chiloglanis emarginatusnative Phongolo suckermouth Pongola rock catlet 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Chiloglanis neumanninative Neumann's suckermouth Neumann's rock catlet 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Chiloglanis paratusnative Sawfin suckermouth Sawfin rock catlet 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Chiloglanis pretoriaenative Shortspine suckermouth Limpopo rock catlet 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Chiloglanis swierstrainative Lowveld suckermouth Lowveld rock catlet 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clariallabes platyprosoposnative Broadhead catfish Broadhead catfish 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias gariepinusnative North African catfish Sharptooth catfish 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias ngamensisnative Blunt-toothed African catfish Blunttooth catfish 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias stappersiinative Blotched catfish Blotched catfish 
Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias theodoraenative Snake catfish Snake catfish 
Perciformes Cichlidae Coptodon rendallinative Redbreast tilapia Redbreast tilapia 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Coptostomabarbus witteinative Upjaw barb Upjaw barb 
Perciformes Anabantidae Ctenopoma multispinenative Manyspined ctenopoma Manyspined climbing perch 
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Cyphomyrus discorhynchusnative Zambesi parrotfish Zambezi parrotfish 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpiointroduced Common carp Carp 
Characiformes Distichodontidae Distichodus mossambicusnative Nkupe  
Characiformes Distichodontidae Distichodus schenganative Chessa Chessa 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Engraulicypris brevianalisnative River sardine River sardine 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius afrohamiltoninative Hamilton's barb Hamilton's barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius afrovernayinative Spottail barb Spottail barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius annectensnative Broadstriped barb Broadstriped barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius barnardinative Blackback barb Blackback barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius barotseensisnative Barbus barb Barotse barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius bifrenatusnative Hyphen barb Hyphen barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius brevidorsalisnative Dwarf barb  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius brevipinnisnative Shortfin barb Shortfin barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius eutaenianative Orangefin barb Orangefin barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius fasciolatusnative African banded barb Red barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius haasianusnative Sickle barb Sicklefin barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius kersteniinative Redspot barb Redsport barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius lineomaculatusnative Line-spotted barb Linespotted barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius macrotaenianative Broadband barb  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius manicensisnative Yellow barb Yellow barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius mattozinative Papermouth Papermouth 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius multilineatusnative Copperstripe barb  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius paludinosusnative Straightfin barb Straightfin barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius poechiinative Dashtail barb Dashtail barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius radiatusnative Redeye barb Beira barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius rohaninative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius thamalakanensisnative Thamalakane barb Thamalakane barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius toppininative East Coast barb East Coast barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius trimaculatusnative Threespot barb Threespot barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius unitaeniatusnative Slender barb Longbeard barb 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Enteromius viviparusnative Bowstripe barb Bowstripe barb 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia affinisintroduced Mosquitofish Mosquitofish 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Gibelion catlaintroduced Catla  
Perciformes Gobiidae Glossogobius giurisnative Tank goby Tank goby 
Perciformes Cichlidae Haplochromis smithiinative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Hemichromis elongatusnative Banded jewel cichlid  
Perciformes Cichlidae Hemichromis fasciatusnative Banded jewelfish Banded jewelfish 
Siluriformes Clariidae Heterobranchus longifilisnative Sampa Vundu 
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Hippopotamyrus ansorgiinative Slender stonebasher Slender stonebasher 
Characiformes Alestidae Hydrocynus vittatusnative Tiger fish  
Gonorynchiformes Kneriidae Kneria auriculatanative Airbreathing shellear  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo altivelisnative Rednose labeo Manyame labeo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo congoronative Purple labeo Purple labeo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo cylindricusnative Redeye labeo Redeye labeo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo lunatusnative Upper Zambezi labeo Upper Zambezi labeo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo molybdinusnative Leaden labeo Leaden labeo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo rohitaintroduced Roho labeo  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo rosaenative  Rednose labeo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo ruddinative Silver labeo Silver labeo 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus aeneusintroduced Smallmouth yellowfish Smallmouth yellowfish 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus codringtoniinative Upper Zambezi yellowfish Upper Zambezi yellowfish 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus marequensisnative Largescale yellowfish Largescale yellowfish 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus natalensisintroduced Scaly  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeobarbus pungweensisnative Pungwe chiselmouth Pungwe chiselmouth 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Lacustricola katangaenative Striped topminnow Striped topminnow 
Perciformes Centrarchidae Lepomis macrochirusintroduced Bluegill Bluegill sunfish 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Limnothrissa miodonintroduced Lake Tanganyika sardine Lake Tanganyika sardine 
Siluriformes Malapteruridae Malapterurus shirensisnative   
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Marcusenius macrolepidotusnative Bulldog Bulldog 
Synbranchiformes Mastacembelidae Mastacembelus frenatusnative Longtail spiny eel Shorttail spiny eel 
Synbranchiformes Mastacembelidae Mastacembelus vanderwaalinative Ocellated spiny eel Ocellated spiny eel 
Elopiformes Megalopidae Megalops cyprinoidesnative Indo-Pacific tarpon  
Characiformes Alestidae Micralestes acutidensnative Sharptooth tetra Silver robber 
Perciformes Anabantidae Microctenopoma intermediumnative  Blackspot climbing perch 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Micropanchax hutereauinative Meshscaled topminnow Meshscaled topminnow 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Micropanchax johnstoninative Johnston's topminnow Johnston's topminnow 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Microphis fluviatilisnative Freshwater pipefish Freshwater pipefish 
Perciformes Centrarchidae Micropterus punctulatusintroduced Spotted bass  
Perciformes Centrarchidae Micropterus salmoidesintroduced Largemouth black bass Largemouth bass 
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Mormyrops anguilloidesnative Cornish jack Cornish jack 
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Mormyrus lacerdanative Western bottlenose mormyrid Western bottlenose 
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Mormyrus longirostrisnative Eastern bottlenose mormyrid Eastern bottlenose 
Characiformes Distichodontidae Nannocharax dagetinative   
Characiformes Distichodontidae Nannocharax machadoinative Dwarf citharine Dwarf citharine 
Characiformes Distichodontidae Nannocharax multifasciatusnative Multibar citharine Multibar citharine 
Cyprinodontiformes Nothobranchiidae Nothobranchius furzerinative Turquoise killifish African turquoise killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Nothobranchiidae Nothobranchius orthonotusnative Spotted killifish Spotted killifish 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus mykissintroduced Rainbow trout Rainbow trout 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Opsaridium zambezensenative Barred minnow Barred minnow 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis andersoniinative Three spotted tilapia Njinji 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis macrochirnative Longfin tilapia Greenhead tilapia 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis mortimerinative Kariba tilapia Kariba tilapia 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis mossambicusnative Mozambique tilapia Mozambique tilapia 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis niloticusintroduced Nile tilapia  
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis placidusnative Black tilapia Black tilapia 
Siluriformes Claroteidae Parauchenoglanis ngamensisnative Zambezi grunter Zambezi grunter 
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Petrocephalus catostomanative Churchill Churchill 
Perciformes Cichlidae Pharyngochromis acuticepsnative Zambezi bream  
Perciformes Cichlidae Pharyngochromis darlinginative Zambezi happy Zambezi happy 
Osteoglossiformes Mormyridae Pollimyrus castelnauinative Dwarf stonebasher Dwarf stonebasher 
Rhinopristiformes Pristidae Pristis microdonnative Largetooth sawfish Chinyabanga 
Lepidosireniformes Protopteridae Protopterus annectensnative West African lungfish Ikana 
Perciformes Cichlidae Pseudocrenilabrus philandernative Southern mouthbrooder Southern mouthbrooder 
Characiformes Alestidae Rhabdalestes maunensisnative Okavango robber Slender robber 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Salmo truttaintroduced Sea trout Brown trout 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Salvelinus fontinalisintroduced Brook trout  
Perciformes Cichlidae Sargochromis carlottaenative Rainbow happy Rainbow happy 
Perciformes Cichlidae Sargochromis codringtoniinative Green happy Green happy 
Perciformes Cichlidae Sargochromis giardinative Pink happy Pink happy 
Siluriformes Schilbeidae Schilbe intermediusnative Silver catfish  
Perciformes Cichlidae Serranochromis angusticepsnative Thinface cichlid Thinface largemouth 
Perciformes Cichlidae Serranochromis jallaenative Nembwe  
Perciformes Cichlidae Serranochromis longimanusnative Longfin largemouth Longfin largemouth 
Perciformes Cichlidae Serranochromis macrocephalusnative Purpleface largemouth Purpleface largemouth 
Perciformes Cichlidae Serranochromis thumberginative Brownspot largemouth Brownspot largemouth 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis leopardinusnative Leopard squeaker Leopard squeaker 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis nebulosusnative Cloudy squeaker Clouded squeaker 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis nigromaculatusnative Blackspotted squeaker Spotted squeaker 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis njassaenative Malawi squeaker  
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis woosnaminative Upper Zambezi squeaker Upper Zambezi squeaker 
Siluriformes Mochokidae Synodontis zambezensisnative Plain squeaker Brown squeaker 
Perciformes Cichlidae Tilapia ruwetinative Okavango tilapia Okavango tilapia 
Perciformes Cichlidae Tilapia sparrmaniinative Banded tilapia Banded tilapia 
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Tinca tincaintroduced Tench  
Siluriformes Amphiliidae Zaireichthys conspicuusnative Blotched sand catlet Blotched sand catlet 
Siluriformes Amphiliidae Zaireichthys monomotapanative Eastern sand catlet Eastern sand catlet 
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