List of Freshwater Fishes reported from Panama
n = 224
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Table 1: 212 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 4 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 8 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 224 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table 1: 212 species currently present in the country/island.
     
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Order Family Species Occurrence FishBase name Name
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Achirus mazatlanusnative Mazatlan sole  
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Ageneiosus pardalisnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Alfaro cultratusnative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Amatitlania altoflavaendemic   
Perciformes Cichlidae Amatitlania kannanative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Amatitlania myrnaenative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Amatitlania nanoluteaendemic   
Perciformes Cichlidae Amphilophus lyonsinative   
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoa curtanative Short anchovy  
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoa parvanative Little anchovy  
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoa spinifernative Spicule anchovy  
Siluriformes Loricariidae Ancistrus chagresiendemic   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Ancistrus spinosusendemic   
Perciformes Cichlidae Andinoacara coeruleopunctatusnative  Chogorro 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla rostratanative American eel  
Gymnotiformes Apteronotidae Apteronotus rostratusnative   
Siluriformes Ariidae Ariopsis assimilisnative Mayan sea catfish  
Siluriformes Ariidae Ariopsis seemanninative Tete sea catfish  
Siluriformes Astroblepidae Astroblepus pirrensisendemic   
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax aeneusnative Banded tetra  
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax bimaculatusnative Twospot astyanax  
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax fasciatusnative Banded astyanax  
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax kompinative   
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax ruberrimusnative   
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Atherinella argenteanative Moon silverside  
Atheriniformes Atherinopsidae Atherinella chagresinative   
Perciformes Gobiidae Awaous banananative River goby  
Batrachoidiformes Batrachoididae Batrachoides pacificinative Pacific toadfish  
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus occidentalisnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis cascajalensisnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis episcopiendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis hessfeldinative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis punctiferendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis roseninative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis roswithaenative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Brachyrhaphis terrabensisnative   
Characiformes Bryconidae Brycon argenteusnative  Sábalo pipon 
Characiformes Bryconidae Brycon behreaenative  Sábalo pipon 
Characiformes Bryconidae Brycon chagrensisendemic  Sábalo pipon 
Characiformes Bryconidae Brycon guatemalensisnative Machaca  
Characiformes Bryconidae Brycon obscurusnative  Sábalo pipon 
Characiformes Bryconidae Brycon petrosusnative  Sábalo pipon 
Characiformes Bryconidae Brycon striatulusnative  Sábalo pipon 
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus bayanonative   
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus emperadornative   
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus gonzalezinative   
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus scleropariusnative   
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus zetekinative   
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus leucasnative Bull shark  
Characiformes Characidae Carlana eigenmanninative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Carlhubbsia stuartinative Barred livebearer  
Siluriformes Ariidae Cathorops fuerthiinative Congo sea catfish  
Siluriformes Ariidae Cathorops hypophthalmusendemic Gloomy sea catfish  
Siluriformes Ariidae Cathorops steindachnerinative Steindachner's sea catfish  
Siluriformes Ariidae Cathorops tuyranative Besudo sea catfish  
Perciformes Centropomidae Centropomus ensiferusnative Swordspine snook  
Perciformes Centropomidae Centropomus nigrescensnative Black snook  
Perciformes Centropomidae Centropomus parallelusnative Fat snook  
Perciformes Centropomidae Centropomus pectinatusnative Tarpon snook  
Siluriformes Loricariidae Chaetostoma fischerinative  Cucho 
Characiformes Crenuchidae Characidium marshinative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Cichla ocellarisintroduced Peacock cichlid Sargento 
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Citharichthys gilbertinative Bigmouth sanddab  
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Colossoma macropomumintroduced Cachama  
Characiformes Characidae Compsura gorgonaenative   
Characiformes Characidae Creagrutus affinisnative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Cribroheros altifronsnative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Cribroheros bussinginative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Crossoloricaria variegatanative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Cryptoheros panamensisendemic  Chogorro 
Perciformes Gobiidae Ctenogobius claytoniinative Mexican goby  
Characiformes Ctenoluciidae Ctenolucius beaninative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Ctenopharyngodon idellaintroduced Grass carp  
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Cynodonichthys birkhahniendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Cynodonichthys brunneusendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Cynodonichthys chucunaqueendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Cynodonichthys frommiendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Cynodonichthys hildebrandinative   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Cynodonichthys kuelpmanniendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Cynodonichthys monikaeendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Cynodonichthys montiumendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Cynodonichthys sucubtinative   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Cynodonichthys villwockinative   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Cynodonichthys wassmanninative   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Cynodonichthys weberiendemic   
Perciformes Sciaenidae Cynoscion acoupanative Acoupa weakfish  
Characiformes Curimatidae Cyphocharax magdalenaenative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpiointroduced Common carp  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Dajaus monticolanative Mountain mullet  
Perciformes Cichlidae Darienheros calobrensisendemic   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Dasyloricaria capetensisnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Dasyloricaria latiuranative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Dasyloricaria tuyrensisnative   
Perciformes Eleotridae Dormitator latifronsnative Pacific fat sleeper  
Perciformes Eleotridae Dormitator maculatusnative Fat sleeper  
Gymnotiformes Sternopygidae Eigenmannia meekinative   
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris amblyopsisnative Large-scaled spinycheek sleeper  
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris melanosomaintroduced Broadhead sleeper  
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris pictanative Spotted sleeper  
Perciformes Eleotridae Erotelis shropshireinative   
Perciformes Gerreidae Eucinostomus argenteusnative Silver mojarra  
Perciformes Gerreidae Eucinostomus curraninative Pacific flagfin mojarra  
Perciformes Gerreidae Eucinostomus gracilisnative Graceful mojarra  
Perciformes Gerreidae Eugerres plumierinative Striped mojarra  
Siluriformes Loricariidae Fonchiiichthys uracanthusnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia nicaraguensisnative Nicaraguan mosquitofish  
Characiformes Gasteropelecidae Gasteropelecus maculatusnative Spotted hatchetfish  
Perciformes Cichlidae Geophagus crassilabrisendemic Panamanian eartheater  
Characiformes Characidae Gephyrocharax atracaudatusnative  Sardinita 
Characiformes Characidae Gephyrocharax intermediusnative  Sardinita 
Characiformes Characidae Gephyrocharax whalerinative   
Perciformes Gerreidae Gerres cinereusnative Yellow fin mojarra  
Gobiesociformes Gobiesocidae Gobiesox cephalusnative Clingfish  
Perciformes Gobiidae Gobioides peruanusnative Peruvian eelgoby  
Perciformes Eleotridae Gobiomorus dormitornative Bigmouth sleeper  
Perciformes Eleotridae Gobiomorus maculatusnative Pacific sleeper  
Gymnotiformes Gymnotidae Gymnotus panamensisnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hemiancistrus aspidolepisnative  Arrisuaca 
Characiformes Characidae Hemibrycon dariensisnative   
Perciformes Eleotridae Hemieleotris latifasciatanative Pygmy sleeper  
Characiformes Erythrinidae Hoplerythrinus unitaeniatusnative Aimara  
Characiformes Erythrinidae Hoplias microlepisnative   
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Hoplosternum punctatumnative   
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon panamensisnative   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hypophthalmichthys molitrixintroduced Silver carp  
Beloniformes Hemiramphidae Hyporhamphus rosaenative California halfbeak  
Siluriformes Ictaluridae Ictalurus punctatusintroduced Channel catfish  
Perciformes Cichlidae Isthmoheros tuyrensisendemic  Mojarra 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Joturus pichardinative Bobo mullet  
Perciformes Cichlidae Kronoheros umbriferusnative Turquoise cichlid  
Perciformes Kuhliidae Kuhlia mugilnative Barred flagtail  
Siluriformes Loricariidae Lasiancistrus caucanusnative   
Perciformes Centrarchidae Lepomis macrochirusintroduced Bluegill  
Perciformes Centrarchidae Lepomis microlophusintroduced Redear sunfish  
Siluriformes Loricariidae Leptoancistrus canensisendemic   
Perciformes Eleotridae Leptophilypnus panamensisnative   
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Lile stoliferanative Striped herring  
Elopiformes Megalopidae Megalops atlanticusnative Tarpon  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Microphis lineatusnative Opossum pipefish  
Perciformes Centrarchidae Micropterus salmoidesintroduced Largemouth black bass  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil cephalusnative Flathead grey mullet  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil curemanative White mullet  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Mylopharyngodon piceusintroduced Black carp  
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Nemuroglanis panamensisendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Neoheterandria cananative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Neoheterandria tridentigerendemic   
Siluriformes Ariidae Notarius cookeinative   
Characiformes Characidae Odontostilbe dialepturanative   
Characiformes Characidae Odontostilbe mitopteranative   
Perciformes Carangidae Oligoplites palometanative Maracaibo leatherjacket  
Perciformes Carangidae Oligoplites saurusnative Leatherjacket  
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus mykissintroduced Rainbow trout  
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis aureusintroduced Blue tilapia  
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis mossambicusintroduced Mozambique tilapia  
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis niloticusintroduced Nile tilapia  
Cyprinodontiformes Anablepidae Oxyzygonectes doviinative White-eye  
Perciformes Cichlidae Parachromis loiselleinative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Parachromis managuensisintroduced Jaguar guapote  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Phallichthys amatesnative Merry widow livebearer  
Characiformes Characidae Phenagoniates macrolepisnative   
Characiformes Lebiasinidae Piabucina festaenative   
Characiformes Lebiasinidae Piabucina panamensisnative  Domini Candela 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Pimelodella chagresinative   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pimelodus punctatusendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia butlerinative Pacific molly  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia caucananative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia gilliinative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poeciliopsis elongatanative Elongate toothcarp  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poeciliopsis retropinnanative   
Perciformes Haemulidae Pomadasys bayanusnative Purplemouth grunt  
Perciformes Haemulidae Pomadasys crocronative Burro grunt  
Perciformes Centrarchidae Pomoxis annularisintroduced White crappie  
Perciformes Centrarchidae Pomoxis nigromaculatusintroduced Black crappie  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Priapichthys darienensisnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Priapichthys panamensisnative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Priapichthys puetziendemic  Chompipa de montana 
Rhinopristiformes Pristidae Pristis pristisnative Common sawfish Pez sierra 
Characiformes Characidae Pseudocheirodon arnoldinative   
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Pseudophallus elcapitanensisnative   
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Pseudophallus mindiinative   
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Pseudophallus starksiinative   
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Rhamdia guatemalensisnative Pale catfish  
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Rhamdia laticaudanative Filespine chulĂ­n  
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Rhamdia quelennative South American catfish  
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rineloricaria altipinnisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Roeboides bouchelleinative Crystal tetra  
Characiformes Characidae Roeboides bussinginative   
Characiformes Characidae Roeboides cartiendemic   
Characiformes Characidae Roeboides dayinative   
Characiformes Characidae Roeboides guatemalensisnative Guatemalan headstander Anchobeta 
Characiformes Characidae Roeboides loftininative   
Characiformes Characidae Roeboides occidentalisnative  Anchovata 
Characiformes Parodontidae Saccodon dariensisnative   
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Salmo truttaintroduced Sea trout  
Siluriformes Ariidae Sciades dowiinative Flapnose sea catfish  
Perciformes Gobiidae Sicydium salvininative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Spatuloricaria fimbriatanative   
Gymnotiformes Sternopygidae Sternopygus aequilabiatusnative   
Beloniformes Belonidae Strongylura exilisnative Californian needlefish  
Beloniformes Belonidae Strongylura marinanative Atlantic needlefish  
Siluriformes Loricariidae Sturisomatichthys citurensisnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Sturisomatichthys dariensenative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Sturisomatichthys panamensenative   
Synbranchiformes Synbranchidae Synbranchus marmoratusnative Marbled swamp eel  
Perciformes Cichlidae Talamancaheros sieboldiinative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Tomocichla asfracinative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Tomocichla tubanative   
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Trachelyopterus amblopsendemic   
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Trichomycterus striatusnative   
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Trinectes fluviatilisnative  Lenguado 
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Trinectes maculatusnative Hogchoker  
Perciformes Cichlidae Vieja maculicaudanative Blackbelt cichlid  
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