List of Freshwater Fishes reported from Madagascar
n = 184
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Table 1: 173 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 3 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 8 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 184 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table 1: 173 species currently present in the country/island.
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Order Family Species Occurrence FishBase name Name
Perciformes Sparidae Acanthopagrus berdanative Goldsilk seabream Ambatsindriaka 
Perciformes Gobiidae Acentrogobius nebulosusnative Shadow goby  
Perciformes Gobiidae Acentrogobius therezieninative   
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Agonostomus catalainative Comoro mullet Tsindrano 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Agonostomus telfairiinative Fairy mullet  
Perciformes Ambassidae Ambassis ambassisnative Commerson's glassy Ambache du large 
Perciformes Ambassidae Ambassis fontoynontiendemic   
Perciformes Ambassidae Ambassis gymnocephalusnative Bald glassy  
Perciformes Ambassidae Ambassis natalensisnative Slender glassy Ambache 
Perciformes Ambassidae Ambassis urotaenianative Banded-tail glassy perchlet Ambache 
Siluriformes Anchariidae Ancharius fuscusendemic   
Siluriformes Anchariidae Ancharius griseusendemic   
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla bicolornative Indonesian shortfin eel Anguille bicolore 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla labiatanative African mottled eel  
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla marmoratanative Giant mottled eel Anguille marbrée 
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla mossambicanative African longfin eel Anguille du Mozambique 
Siluriformes Ariidae Arius africanusnative African sea catfish  
Siluriformes Ariidae Arius festinusendemic   
Siluriformes Ariidae Arius madagascariensisnative Madagascar sea catfish Gogo 
Siluriformes Ariidae Arius uncinatusendemic   
Perciformes Gobiidae Awaous aeneofuscusnative Freshwater goby Toho 
Perciformes Gobiidae Awaous commersoninative Commerson’s freshwater goby  
Perciformes Gobiidae Awaous macrorhynchusnative   
Perciformes Gobiidae Bathygobius fuscusnative Dusky frillgoby  
Atheriniformes Bedotiidae Bedotia albomarginataendemic  Zono 
Atheriniformes Bedotiidae Bedotia alveyiendemic Makira Rainbowfish Zono 
Atheriniformes Bedotiidae Bedotia geayiendemic Red-Tailed Silverside  
Atheriniformes Bedotiidae Bedotia leucopteronendemic   
Atheriniformes Bedotiidae Bedotia longianalisnative   
Atheriniformes Bedotiidae Bedotia madagascariensisendemic   
Atheriniformes Bedotiidae Bedotia marojejyendemic   
Atheriniformes Bedotiidae Bedotia masoalaendemic  Zono 
Atheriniformes Bedotiidae Bedotia tricolornative   
Perciformes Eleotridae Butis butisnative Duckbill sleeper Butis à épaulette noire 
Perciformes Eleotridae Butis koilomatodonnative Mud sleeper  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carassius auratusintroduced Goldfish Carassin doré 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus amboinensisnative Pigeye shark  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus leucasnative Bull shark Boriloha 
Perciformes Channidae Channa maculataintroduced Blotched snakehead  
Perciformes Channidae Channa striataintroduced Striped snakehead  
Gonorynchiformes Chanidae Chanos chanosnative Milkfish Fiamandry 
Perciformes Cichlidae Coptodon rendalliintroduced Redbreast tilapia  
Perciformes Cichlidae Coptodon zilliiintroduced Redbelly tilapia  
Perciformes Gobiidae Croilia mossambicanative Burrowing goby  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpiointroduced Common carp  
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris acanthopomanative Spinecheek gudgeon  
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris fuscanative Dusky sleeper Eléotris brun 
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris mauritiananative Widehead sleeper  
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris pellegriniendemic   
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris vomerodentatanative   
Perciformes Apogonidae Fibramia lateralisnative Humpback cardinal  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia affinisintroduced Mosquitofish  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia holbrookiintroduced Eastern mosquitofish Ampirina 
Perciformes Gerreidae Gerres filamentosusnative Whipfin silver-biddy Tsarasaina 
Perciformes Eleotridae Giuris margaritaceanative Snakehead gudgeon Eléotris serpent 
Perciformes Gobiidae Glossogobius ankaranensisendemic   
Perciformes Gobiidae Glossogobius callidusnative  Gobie comorien 
Perciformes Gobiidae Glossogobius giurisnative Tank goby Gobie giurus 
Perciformes Gobiidae Gobiodon rivulatusnative Rippled coralgoby  
Perciformes Kraemeriidae Gobitrichinotus arnoultinative   
Perciformes Gobiidae Gobius hypselosomanative   
Siluriformes Anchariidae Gogo arcuatusendemic   
Siluriformes Anchariidae Gogo atratusendemic   
Siluriformes Anchariidae Gogo brevibarbisendemic   
Siluriformes Anchariidae Gogo ornatusendemic   
Osteoglossiformes Arapaimidae Heterotis niloticusintroduced African bonytongue  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Hippichthys cyanospilosnative Blue-spotted pipefish  
Perciformes Eleotridae Hypseleotris cyprinoidesnative Tropical carp-gudgeon Eléotris cyprin 
Perciformes Eleotridae Hypseleotris tohizonaeendemic   
Perciformes Cichlidae Katria katrianative   
Perciformes Kuhliidae Kuhlia caudavittatanative  Doule à queue rayée 
Perciformes Kuhliidae Kuhlia mugilnative Barred flagtail Kuhlie mulet 
Perciformes Kuhliidae Kuhlia rupestrisnative Rock flagtail Kuhlie des rochers 
Perciformes Kuhliidae Kuhlia sauvagiiendemic   
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Labeo rohitaintroduced Roho labeo  
Perciformes Centrarchidae Lepomis macrochirusintroduced Bluegill  
Perciformes Osphronemidae Macropodus opercularisintroduced Paradisefish  
Elopiformes Megalopidae Megalops cyprinoidesnative Indo-Pacific tarpon Bekalana 
Perciformes Terapontidae Mesopristes elongatusendemic Plain terapon  
Perciformes Anabantidae Microctenopoma ansorgiiintroduced Ornate ctenopoma  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Microphis brachyurusnative Short-tailed pipefish  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Microphis fluviatilisnative Freshwater pipefish  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Microphis leiaspisnative Barhead pipefish  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Microphis millepunctatusnative Shorttail pipefish  
Perciformes Centrarchidae Micropterus salmoidesintroduced Largemouth black bass  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil cephalusnative Flathead grey mullet Antafa 
Perciformes Gobiidae Mugilogobius mertoninative Chequered mangrove goby Gobi milet 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus mykissintroduced Rainbow trout  
Perciformes Eleotridae Ophiocara macrolepidotaendemic   
Perciformes Eleotridae Ophiocara porocephalanative Northern mud gudgeon Eléotris à tête poreuse 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis aureusintroduced Blue tilapia  
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis macrochirintroduced Longfin tilapia  
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis mossambicusintroduced Mozambique tilapia Sembaka 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis niloticusintroduced Nile tilapia Tilapia du Nil 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis spilurusintroduced Sabaki tilapia  
Perciformes Osphronemidae Osphronemus goramyintroduced Giant gourami  
Perciformes Cichlidae Oxylapia polliendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Aplocheilidae Pachypanchax arnoultiendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Aplocheilidae Pachypanchax omalonotusnative Powder-blue panchax  
Cyprinodontiformes Aplocheilidae Pachypanchax patriciaeendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Aplocheilidae Pachypanchax sakaramyiendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Aplocheilidae Pachypanchax sparksorumendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Aplocheilidae Pachypanchax varatrazaendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Pantanodon madagascariensisendemic   
Perciformes Cichlidae Paratilapia polleniendemic  Marakely 
Perciformes Cichlidae Paretroplus dambabeendemic   
Perciformes Cichlidae Paretroplus damiiendemic  Damba 
Perciformes Cichlidae Paretroplus gymnopreopercularisendemic  Melemshiska 
Perciformes Cichlidae Paretroplus kieneriendemic  Kotsovato 
Perciformes Cichlidae Paretroplus lamenabeendemic Big red cichlid Lamena 
Perciformes Cichlidae Paretroplus loiselleiendemic  Ventitry 
Perciformes Cichlidae Paretroplus maculatusendemic  Masovoatoaka 
Perciformes Cichlidae Paretroplus maromandiaendemic   
Perciformes Cichlidae Paretroplus menaramboendemic   
Perciformes Cichlidae Paretroplus nourissatiendemic   
Perciformes Cichlidae Paretroplus petitiendemic  Kotso 
Perciformes Cichlidae Paretroplus polyactisendemic  Borivava 
Perciformes Cichlidae Paretroplus tsimolyendemic  Tsimoly 
Clupeiformes Pristigasteridae Pellona ditchelanative Indian pellona Bemaso 
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Pisodonophis boronative Rice-paddy eel  
Anguilliformes Ophichthidae Pisodonophis cancrivorusnative Longfin snake-eel  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Planiliza alatanative Diamond mullet  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Planiliza macrolepisnative Largescale mullet Zompona 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Planiliza melinopterusnative Otomebora mullet  
Perciformes Haemulidae Plectorhinchus gibbosusnative Harry hotlips  
Siluriformes Ariidae Plicofollis dussumierinative Blacktip sea catfish  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia reticulataintroduced Guppy  
Rhinopristiformes Pristidae Pristis microdonnative Largetooth sawfish  
Perciformes Cichlidae Ptychochromis curvidensendemic   
Perciformes Cichlidae Ptychochromis ernestmagnusiendemic   
Perciformes Cichlidae Ptychochromis grandidieriendemic   
Perciformes Cichlidae Ptychochromis inornatusendemic  Tsipoy 
Perciformes Cichlidae Ptychochromis insolitusendemic   
Perciformes Cichlidae Ptychochromis loiselleiendemic   
Perciformes Cichlidae Ptychochromis maintyendemic   
Perciformes Cichlidae Ptychochromis makiraendemic   
Perciformes Cichlidae Ptychochromis oligacanthusendemic   
Perciformes Cichlidae Ptychochromis onilahyendemic  Boramany 
Perciformes Cichlidae Ptychochromoides betsileanusendemic  Trondo mainty 
Perciformes Cichlidae Ptychochromoides itasynative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Ptychochromoides vondrozoendemic  Fiandahy 
Perciformes Eleotridae Ratsirakia legendreiendemic   
Perciformes Gobiidae Redigobius balteatusnative Rhinohorn goby Gobie drapeau 
Perciformes Gobiidae Redigobius bikolanusnative Speckled goby Toho 
Atheriniformes Bedotiidae Rheocles alaotrensisendemic Katrana Antsiriva 
Atheriniformes Bedotiidae Rheocles derhamiendemic   
Atheriniformes Bedotiidae Rheocles lateralisendemic  Zono ala 
Atheriniformes Bedotiidae Rheocles pellegriniendemic   
Atheriniformes Bedotiidae Rheocles sikoraeendemic  Sardine d'eau douce 
Atheriniformes Bedotiidae Rheocles vatosoaendemic   
Atheriniformes Bedotiidae Rheocles wrightaeendemic  Zonobe 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Sauvagella madagascariensisendemic Madagascar round herring Varilava 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Sauvagella robustanative   
Perciformes Scatophagidae Scatophagus tetracanthusnative Scatty Filaovanda 
Perciformes Gobiidae Sicyopterus fasciatusnative  Ampilelabato 
Perciformes Gobiidae Sicyopterus franouxinative  Bisika 
Perciformes Gobiidae Sicyopterus lagocephalusnative Red-tailed goby  
Perciformes Gobiidae Sicyopterus punctissimusnative   
Perciformes Gobiidae Sicyopus lordendemic Lord's Sicyopus Sicyopus de Clara 
Perciformes Sillaginidae Sillago sihamanative Silver sillago Amborody 
Perciformes Gobiidae Stenogobius genivittatusnative Chinstripe goby  
Perciformes Gobiidae Stenogobius polyzonanative Chinestripe goby Cabot rayé 
Perciformes Gobiidae Taenioides gracilisnative Slender eel goby  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Tanichthys albonubesintroduced White cloud mountain minnow  
Atheriniformes Atherinidae Teramulus kieneriendemic Kiener's silverside  
Atheriniformes Atherinidae Teramulus waterlotiendemic   
Perciformes Terapontidae Terapon jarbuanative Jarbua terapon Antsarabaro 
Perciformes Cichlidae Tilapia sparrmaniiintroduced Banded tilapia  
Perciformes Eleotridae Typhleotris madagascariensisendemic   
Perciformes Eleotridae Typhleotris mararybeendemic   
Perciformes Eleotridae Typhleotris paulianiendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Xiphophorus helleriiintroduced Green swordtail Kibôta 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Xiphophorus maculatusintroduced Southern platyfish  
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