List of Marine Fishes reported from Iraq
n = 262
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Table 1: 255 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 5 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 2 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 262 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table 1: 255 species currently present in the country/island.
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Order Family Species Occurrence FishBase name Name
Tetraodontiformes Balistidae Abalistes stellarisnative Starry triggerfish  
Tetraodontiformes Balistidae Abalistes stellatusnative   
Beloniformes Belonidae Ablennes hiansnative Flat needlefish  
Perciformes Sparidae Acanthopagrus arabicusnative Arabian yellowfin seabream  
Perciformes Sparidae Acanthopagrus berdanative Goldsilk seabream  
Perciformes Sparidae Acanthopagrus bifasciatusnative Twobar seabream  
Perciformes Acanthuridae Acanthurus sohalnative Sohal surgeonfish  
Perciformes Gobiidae Acentrogobius dayinative Day's goby  
Perciformes Serranidae Aethaloperca rogaanative Redmouth grouper  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Alburnus mossulensisnative Mossul bleak  
Perciformes Carangidae Alectis indicanative Indian threadfish  
Perciformes Carangidae Alepes djedabanative Shrimp scad  
Perciformes Carangidae Alepes kleiniinative Razorbelly scad  
Perciformes Carangidae Alepes melanopteranative Blackfin scad  
Perciformes Carangidae Alepes varinative Herring scad  
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Anodontostoma chacundanative Chacunda gizzard shad  
Rhinopristiformes Pristidae Anoxypristis cuspidatanative Pointed sawfish  
Lophiiformes Antennariidae Antennarius indicusnative Indian frogfish  
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Aphanius disparnative Arabian pupfish  
Scorpaeniformes Apistidae Apistus carinatusnative Ocellated waspfish  
Perciformes Apogonidae Apogonichthyoides nigripinnisnative Bullseye  
Perciformes Lutjanidae Aprion virescensnative Green jobfish  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Argyrosomus amoyensisnative Amoy croaker  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Argyrosomus heiniinative Arabian sea meagre  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Atrobucca nibenative Blackmouth croaker  
Perciformes Carangidae Atropus atroposnative Cleftbelly trevally  
Perciformes Carangidae Atule matenative Yellowtail scad  
Perciformes Scombridae Auxis rocheinative Bullet tuna  
Perciformes Scombridae Auxis thazardnative Frigate tuna  
Perciformes Gobiidae Bathygobius fuscusnative Dusky frillgoby  
Perciformes Gobiidae Boleophthalmus dussumierinative   
Pleuronectiformes Soleidae Brachirus orientalisnative Oriental sole  
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Brevitrygon imbricatanative Bengal whipray  
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Brevitrygon walganative Scaly whipray  
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Brotula multibarbatanative Goatsbeard brotula  
Perciformes Caesionidae Caesio lunarisnative Lunar fusilier  
Perciformes Caesionidae Caesio varilineatanative Variable-lined fusilier  
Perciformes Carangidae Carangoides armatusnative Longfin trevally  
Perciformes Carangidae Carangoides bajadnative Orangespotted trevally  
Perciformes Carangidae Carangoides coeruleopinnatusnative Coastal trevally  
Perciformes Carangidae Carangoides ferdaunative Blue trevally  
Perciformes Carangidae Carangoides fulvoguttatusnative Yellowspotted trevally  
Perciformes Carangidae Carangoides malabaricusnative Malabar trevally  
Perciformes Carangidae Caranx sexfasciatusnative Bigeye trevally  
Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Carasobarbus luteusnative Yellow barbell Himri 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus brevipinnanative Spinner shark  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus dussumierinative Whitecheek shark  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus leucasnative Bull shark  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus limbatusnative Blacktip shark  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus melanopterusnative Blacktip reef shark  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus plumbeusnative Sandbar shark  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus sorrahnative Spot-tail shark  
Lamniformes Odontaspididae Carcharias taurusnative Sand tiger shark  
Perciformes Serranidae Cephalopholis hemistiktosnative Yellowfin hind  
Carcharhiniformes Hemigaleidae Chaenogaleus macrostomanative Hooktooth shark  
Perciformes Chaetodontidae Chaetodon gardinerinative Gardner's butterflyfish  
Perciformes Labridae Cheilinus lunulatusnative Broomtail wrasse  
Orectolobiformes Hemiscylliidae Chiloscyllium arabicumnative Arabian carpetshark  
Orectolobiformes Hemiscylliidae Chiloscyllium griseumnative Grey bambooshark  
Clupeiformes Chirocentridae Chirocentrus dorabnative Dorab wolf-herring  
Clupeiformes Chirocentridae Chirocentrus nudusnative Whitefin wolf-herring  
Perciformes Sparidae Crenidens crenidensnative Karanteen seabream  
Pleuronectiformes Cynoglossidae Cynoglossus arelnative Largescale tonguesole  
Perciformes Carangidae Decapterus russellinative Indian scad  
Perciformes Haemulidae Diagramma pictumnative Painted sweetlips  
Perciformes Sparidae Diplodus kotschyinative One spot seabream  
Perciformes Drepaneidae Drepane longimananative Concertina fish  
Perciformes Drepaneidae Drepane punctatanative Spotted sicklefish  
Clupeiformes Dussumieriidae Dussumieria acutanative Rainbow sardine  
Clupeiformes Dussumieriidae Dussumieria elopsoidesnative Slender rainbow sardine  
Perciformes Echeneidae Echeneis naucratesnative Live sharksucker  
Perciformes Polynemidae Eleutheronema tetradactylumnative Fourfinger threadfin  
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Encrasicholina devisinative Devis' anchovy  
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Encrasicholina punctifernative Buccaneer anchovy  
Perciformes Ephippidae Ephippus orbisnative Orbfish  
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus areolatusnative Areolate grouper  
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus bleekerinative Duskytail grouper  
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus coeruleopunctatusnative Whitespotted grouper  
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus coioidesnative Orange-spotted grouper  
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus diacanthusnative Spinycheek grouper  
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus epistictusnative Dotted grouper  
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus malabaricusnative Malabar grouper  
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus multinotatusnative White-blotched grouper  
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus polylepisnative Smallscaled grouper  
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus stoliczkaenative Epaulet grouper  
Perciformes Serranidae Epinephelus tauvinanative Greasy grouper  
Perciformes Leiognathidae Equulites elongatusnative Slender ponyfish  
Perciformes Lutjanidae Etelis carbunculusnative Deep-water red snapper  
Perciformes Lutjanidae Etelis coruscansnative Deepwater longtail red snapper  
Perciformes Trichiuridae Eupleurogrammus glossodonnative Longtooth hairtail  
Perciformes Trichiuridae Eupleurogrammus muticusnative Smallhead hairtail  
Carcharhiniformes Sphyrnidae Eusphyra blochiinative Winghead shark  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Galeocerdo cuviernative Tiger shark  
Perciformes Gerreidae Gerres infasciatusnative Nonbanded whipfin mojarra  
Perciformes Gerreidae Gerres limbatusnative Saddleback silver-biddy  
Perciformes Gerreidae Gerres longirostrisnative Strongspine silver-biddy  
Perciformes Gerreidae Gerres oyenanative Common silver-biddy  
Rhinopristiformes Glaucostegidae Glaucostegus granulatusnative Granulated guitarfish  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Glyphis gangeticusnative Ganges shark  
Perciformes Carangidae Gnathanodon speciosusnative Golden trevally  
Myliobatiformes Gymnuridae Gymnura poeciluranative Long-tailed butterfly ray  
Carcharhiniformes Hemigaleidae Hemipristis elongatanative Snaggletooth shark  
Perciformes Chaetodontidae Heniochus acuminatusnative Pennant coralfish  
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Herklotsichthys losseinative Gulf herring  
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Himantura randallinative Arabian banded whipray  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Hippocampus kudanative Spotted seahorse  
Carcharhiniformes Triakidae Hypogaleus hyugaensisnative Blacktip tope  
Clupeiformes Pristigasteridae Ilisha compressanative Compressed ilisha  
Clupeiformes Pristigasteridae Ilisha megalopteranative Bigeye ilisha  
Clupeiformes Pristigasteridae Ilisha melastomanative Indian ilisha  
Clupeiformes Pristigasteridae Ilisha sirishainative Lobejaw ilisha  
Perciformes Istiophoridae Istiophorus platypterusnative Indo-Pacific sailfish  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Johnius belangeriinative Belanger's croaker  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Johnius borneensisnative Sharpnose hammer croaker  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Johnius dussumierinative Sin croaker  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Johnius elongatusnative Spindle croaker  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Johnius majannative Majan croaker  
Tetraodontiformes Tetraodontidae Lagocephalus lunarisnative Lunartail puffer  
Perciformes Lethrinidae Lethrinus borbonicusnative Snubnose emperor  
Perciformes Lethrinidae Lethrinus lentjannative Pink ear emperor  
Perciformes Lethrinidae Lethrinus microdonnative Smalltooth emperor  
Perciformes Lethrinidae Lethrinus nebulosusnative Spangled emperor  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Liza carinatanative Keeled mullet  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Liza klunzingerinative Klunzinger's mullet  
Lophiiformes Lophiidae Lophiomus setigerusnative Blackmouth angler  
Perciformes Lutjanidae Lutjanus argentimaculatusnative Mangrove red snapper  
Perciformes Lutjanidae Lutjanus fulviflammanative Dory snapper  
Perciformes Lutjanidae Lutjanus malabaricusnative Malabar blood snapper  
Perciformes Lutjanidae Lutjanus quinquelineatusnative Five-lined snapper  
Perciformes Lutjanidae Lutjanus russelliinative Russell's snapper  
Perciformes Lutjanidae Lutjanus sanguineusnative Humphead snapper  
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Maculabatis gerrardinative Sharpnose stingray  
Perciformes Carangidae Megalaspis cordylanative Torpedo scad  
Scorpaeniformes Synanceiidae Minous monodactylusnative Grey stingfish  
Myliobatiformes Myliobatidae Mobula mobularnative Devil fish  
Beryciformes Monocentridae Monocentris japonicanative Pineconefish  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil cephalusnative Flathead grey mullet  
Anguilliformes Muraenesocidae Muraenesox cinereusnative Daggertooth pike conger  
Carcharhiniformes Triakidae Mustelus mosisnative Arabian smooth-hound  
Perciformes Carangidae Naucrates ductornative Pilotfish  
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Nematalosa arabicanative Arabian gizzard shad  
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Nematalosa nasusnative Bloch's gizzard shad  
Perciformes Nemipteridae Nemipterus bipunctatusnative Delagoa threadfin bream  
Perciformes Nemipteridae Nemipterus japonicusnative Japanese threadfin bream  
Perciformes Nemipteridae Nemipterus peroniinative Notchedfin threadfin bream  
Perciformes Nemipteridae Nemipterus randallinative Randall's threadfin bream  
Perciformes Nemipteridae Nemipterus zysronnative Slender threadfin bream  
Ophidiiformes Ophidiidae Neobythites steatiticusnative Barred cusk eel  
Siluriformes Ariidae Netuma bilineatanative Bronze catfish  
Siluriformes Ariidae Netuma thalassinanative Giant catfish  
Perciformes Opistognathidae Opistognathus muscatensisnative Robust jawfish  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Osteomugil cunnesiusnative Longarm mullet  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Otolithes rubernative Tigertooth croaker  
Perciformes Stromateidae Pampus argenteusnative Silver pomfret  
Perciformes Nemipteridae Parascolopsis aspinosanative Smooth dwarf monocle bream  
Perciformes Nemipteridae Parascolopsis eriommanative Rosy dwarf monocle bream  
Perciformes Carangidae Parastromateus nigernative Black pomfret  
Pleuronectiformes Soleidae Pardachirus marmoratusnative Finless sole  
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Pastinachus sephennative Cowtail stingray  
Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae Pateobatis bleekerinative Bleeker's whipray  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Pennahia aneanative Donkey croaker  
Perciformes Gobiidae Periophthalmus waltoninative Walton's mudskipper  
Perciformes Leiognathidae Photopectoralis bindusnative Orangefin ponyfish  
Perciformes Lutjanidae Pinjalo pinjalonative Pinjalo  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Planiliza subviridisnative Greenback mullet  
Perciformes Ephippidae Platax teiranative Longfin batfish  
Scorpaeniformes Platycephalidae Platycephalus indicusnative Bartail flathead  
Perciformes Haemulidae Plectorhinchus playfairinative Whitebarred rubberlip  
Perciformes Haemulidae Plectorhinchus sordidusnative Sordid rubberlip  
Siluriformes Ariidae Plicofollis layardinative Thinspine sea catfish  
Siluriformes Plotosidae Plotosus lineatusnative Striped eel catfish  
Perciformes Polynemidae Polydactylus sextariusnative Blackspot threadfin  
Perciformes Pomacanthidae Pomacanthus maculosusnative Yellowbar angelfish  
Perciformes Haemulidae Pomadasys maculatusnative Saddle grunt  
Perciformes Haemulidae Pomadasys olivaceusnative Olive grunt  
Perciformes Haemulidae Pomadasys punctulatusnative Lined grunt  
Perciformes Haemulidae Pomadasys stridensnative Striped piggy  
Perciformes Priacanthidae Priacanthus tayenusnative Purple-spotted bigeye  
Perciformes Lutjanidae Pristipomoides filamentosusnative Crimson jobfish  
Perciformes Lutjanidae Pristipomoides multidensnative Goldbanded jobfish  
Perciformes Lutjanidae Pristipomoides sieboldiinative Lavender jobfish  
Perciformes Sciaenidae Protonibea diacanthusnative Blackspotted croaker  
Pleuronectiformes Psettodidae Psettodes erumeinative Indian halibut  
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Pseudorhombus arsiusnative Largetooth flounder  
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Pseudorhombus elevatusnative Deep flounder  
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Pseudorhombus javanicusnative Javan flounder  
Scorpaeniformes Synanceiidae Pseudosynanceia melanostigmanative Blackfin stonefish  
Tetraodontiformes Triacanthidae Pseudotriacanthus strigilifernative Long-spined tripodfish  
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaenidae Pterois russeliinative Plaintail turkeyfish  
Tetraodontiformes Molidae Ranzania laevisnative Slender sunfish  
Perciformes Scombridae Rastrelliger kanagurtanative Indian mackerel  
Perciformes Sparidae Rhabdosargus haffaranative Haffara seabream  
Perciformes Sparidae Rhabdosargus sarbanative Goldlined seabream  
Orectolobiformes Rhincodontidae Rhincodon typusnative Whale shark  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Rhizoprionodon acutusnative Milk shark  
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Rhizoprionodon oligolinxnative Grey sharpnose shark  
Rhinopristiformes Rhinidae Rhynchobatus laevisnative Smoothnose wedgefish  
Beloniformes Hemiramphidae Rhynchorhamphus georgiinative Long billed half beak  
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Sardinella albellanative White sardinella  
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Sardinella gibbosanative Goldstripe sardinella  
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Sardinella sindensisnative Sind sardinella Moomagh 
Aulopiformes Synodontidae Saurida tumbilnative Greater lizardfish  
Perciformes Gobiidae Scartelaos tenuisnative Indian Ocean slender mudskipper  
Perciformes Scaridae Scarus ghobbannative Blue-barred parrotfish  
Perciformes Scatophagidae Scatophagus argusnative Spotted scat  
Perciformes Nemipteridae Scolopsis bimaculatanative Thumbprint monocle bream  
Perciformes Nemipteridae Scolopsis ghanamnative Arabian monocle bream  
Perciformes Nemipteridae Scolopsis taeniatanative Black-streaked monocle bream  
Perciformes Nemipteridae Scolopsis vosmerinative Whitecheek monocle bream  
Perciformes Carangidae Scomberoides commersonnianusnative Talang queenfish  
Perciformes Carangidae Scomberoides lysannative Doublespotted queenfish  
Perciformes Carangidae Scomberoides tolnative Needlescaled queenfish  
Perciformes Scombridae Scomberomorus commersonnative Narrow-barred Spanish mackerel  
Perciformes Scombridae Scomberomorus guttatusnative Indo-Pacific king mackerel  
Perciformes Carangidae Selar crumenophthalmusnative Bigeye scad  
Perciformes Carangidae Selaroides leptolepisnative Yellowstripe scad  
Perciformes Carangidae Seriolina nigrofasciatanative Blackbanded trevally  
Perciformes Siganidae Siganus canaliculatusnative White-spotted spinefoot  
Perciformes Sillaginidae Sillago arabicanative Arabian sillago  
Perciformes Sillaginidae Sillago attenuatanative Slender sillago  
Perciformes Sillaginidae Sillago sihamanative Silver sillago  
Pleuronectiformes Soleidae Solea elongatanative Elongate sole  
Perciformes Sparidae Sparidentex belayewinative   
Perciformes Sparidae Sparidentex hastanative Sobaity seabream  
Perciformes Sphyraenidae Sphyraena forsterinative Bigeye barracuda  
Perciformes Sphyraenidae Sphyraena jellonative Pickhandle barracuda  
Perciformes Sphyraenidae Sphyraena obtusatanative Obtuse barracuda  
Perciformes Sphyraenidae Sphyraena putnamaenative Sawtooth barracuda  
Carcharhiniformes Sphyrnidae Sphyrna mokarrannative Great hammerhead  
Orectolobiformes Stegostomatidae Stegostoma fasciatumnative Zebra shark  
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Stolephorus indicusnative Indian anchovy  
Beloniformes Belonidae Strongylura leiuranative Banded needlefish  
Beloniformes Belonidae Strongylura strongyluranative Spottail needlefish  
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Tenualosa ilishanative Hilsa shad Shour 
Perciformes Terapontidae Terapon jarbuanative Jarbua terapon  
Perciformes Terapontidae Terapon putanative Small-scaled terapon  
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Thryssa hamiltoniinative Hamilton's thryssa  
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Thryssa mystaxnative Moustached thryssa  
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Thryssa setirostrisnative Longjaw thryssa  
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Thryssa vitrirostrisnative Orangemouth anchovy  
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Thryssa whiteheadinative Whitehead's thryssa  
Perciformes Carangidae Trachinotus bailloniinative Small spotted dart  
Perciformes Carangidae Trachinotus blochiinative Snubnose pompano  
Perciformes Carangidae Trachurus indicusnative Arabian scad  
Tetraodontiformes Triacanthidae Triacanthus biaculeatusnative Short-nosed tripodfish  
Perciformes Trichiuridae Trichiurus auriganative Pearly hairtail  
Perciformes Trichiuridae Trichiurus lepturusnative Largehead hairtail  
Perciformes Gobiidae Trypauchen vaginanative   
Beloniformes Belonidae Tylosurus crocodilusnative Hound needlefish  
Perciformes Mullidae Upeneus sulphureusnative Sulphur goatfish  
Perciformes Mullidae Upeneus vittatusnative Yellowstriped goatfish  
Perciformes Carangidae Uraspis helvolanative Whitetongue jack  
Perciformes Carangidae Uraspis uraspisnative Whitemouth jack  
Perciformes Acanthuridae Zebrasoma xanthurumnative Yellowtail tang  
Pleuronectiformes Soleidae Zebrias quagganative Fringefin zebra sole  
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