List of Freshwater Fishes reported from Ecuador
n = 414
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Table 1: 401 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 7 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 6 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 414 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table 1: 401 species currently present in the country/island.
     
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Order Family Species Occurrence FishBase name Name
Characiformes Anostomidae Abramites hypselonotusnative Marbled headstander Sardina 
Characiformes Characidae Acestrocephalus boehlkeinative  Dientón 
Characiformes Acestrorhynchidae Acestrorhynchus abbreviatusnative   
Characiformes Acestrorhynchidae Acestrorhynchus falcirostrisnative  Dientón 
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Achirus mazatlanusnative Mazatlan sole Lenguadito 
Perciformes Cichlidae Aequidens tetramerusnative Saddle cichlid Vieja 
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Ageneiosus inermisnative Manduba  
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Ageneiosus marmoratusnative Bottlenose catfish  
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Ageneiosus ucayalensisnative   
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Ageneiosus vittatusnative   
Characiformes Triportheidae Agoniates anchovianative  Sardina 
Siluriformes Aspredinidae Amaralia hypsiuranative  Carachita 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Anablepsoides erberiendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Anablepsoides jucundusendemic   
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Anablepsoides limoncochaenative  Sardinita 
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Anablepsoides monticolanative   
Siluriformes Doradidae Anadoras grypusnative  Bagre hueso 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoa curtanative Short anchovy Pelada 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoa spinifernative Spicule anchovy Colorada 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Ancistrus clementinaeendemic  Raspabalsa 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Ancistrus occidentalisendemic  Carachama 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Andeancistrus eschwartzaenative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Andeancistrus platycephalusendemic  Carachama 
Perciformes Cichlidae Andinoacara blomberginative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Andinoacara rivulatusnative Green terror Vieja 
Perciformes Cichlidae Andinoacara sapayensisendemic Sapayo cichlid Vieja 
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Apionichthys menezesinative   
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Apionichthys nattererinative  Lenguado 
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Apionichthys seripierriaenative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Apistogramma aguariconative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Apistogramma cruzinative  Vieja 
Perciformes Cichlidae Apistogramma payaminonisendemic  Vieja 
Perciformes Cichlidae Apistogramma playayacunative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Apistoloricaria condeinative  Carachama 
Gymnotiformes Apteronotidae Apteronotus albifronsnative Black ghost Anguila 
Osteoglossiformes Arapaimidae Arapaima gigasnative Arapaima Paiche 
Siluriformes Ariidae Ariopsis seemanninative Tete sea catfish Bagre 
Siluriformes Astroblepidae Astroblepus boulengerinative  Preñadilla 
Siluriformes Astroblepidae Astroblepus brachycephalusnative   
Siluriformes Astroblepidae Astroblepus chimborazoinative   
Siluriformes Astroblepidae Astroblepus chotaenative  Preñadilla 
Siluriformes Astroblepidae Astroblepus cyclopusnative  Preñadilla 
Siluriformes Astroblepidae Astroblepus eigenmanninative   
Siluriformes Astroblepidae Astroblepus festaenative  Preñadilla 
Siluriformes Astroblepidae Astroblepus fissidensnative  Preñadilla 
Siluriformes Astroblepidae Astroblepus mindoensisendemic  Preñadilla 
Siluriformes Astroblepidae Astroblepus pholeterendemic   
Siluriformes Astroblepidae Astroblepus prenadillusnative   
Siluriformes Astroblepidae Astroblepus reganinative   
Siluriformes Astroblepidae Astroblepus theresiaenative   
Siluriformes Astroblepidae Astroblepus ubidiainative  Preñadilla 
Siluriformes Astroblepidae Astroblepus vaillantinative  Preñadilla bagrecito 
Siluriformes Astroblepidae Astroblepus whymperinative   
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax bimaculatusnative Twospot astyanax Sardinita 
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax festaenative  Sardinita 
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Auchenipterus ambyiacusnative  Barbudo 
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Auchenipterus brachyurusnative  Barbudo 
Perciformes Gobiidae Awaous banananative River goby Lameplato 
Siluriformes Ariidae Bagre pinnimaculatusnative Red sea catfish Bagre 
Batrachoidiformes Batrachoididae Batrachoides pacificinative Pacific toadfish Bruja sapo 
Siluriformes Pseudopimelodidae Batrochoglanis transmontanusnative  Barbudo negro 
Characiformes Ctenoluciidae Boulengerella maculatanative Spotted pike-characin Picudo 
Characiformes Characidae Brachychalcinus nummusnative  Sardina 
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus beebeinative   
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus bennettinative   
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus brevirostrisnative Bluntnose knifefish Anguila 
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus hamiltoninative  Cuchillo 
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus palenquenative  Cuchillo 
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus pinnicaudatusnative   
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus reganinative  Cuchillo 
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus sullivaninative   
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Brachyhypopomus walterinative   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Brachyplatystoma filamentosumnative Kumakuma Bagre blanco 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Brachyplatystoma platynemumnative Slobbering catfish  
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Brachyplatystoma rousseauxiinative   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Brachyplatystoma vaillantiinative Laulao catfish Bagre 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Brochis multiradiatusnative Hognosed brochis Caracha 
Characiformes Bryconidae Brycon alburnusnative  Sábalo 
Characiformes Bryconidae Brycon atrocaudatusnative  Sábalo 
Characiformes Bryconidae Brycon coxeyinative  Sábalo 
Characiformes Bryconidae Brycon dentexnative  Sábalo 
Characiformes Bryconidae Brycon melanopterusnative  Sábalo 
Characiformes Bryconidae Brycon oligolepisnative  Sábalo 
Characiformes Bryconidae Brycon pesunative Mourning tetra Sábalo 
Characiformes Bryconidae Brycon posadaenative   
Characiformes Characidae Bryconacidnus ellisinative  Sardina 
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus brevirostrisnative  Sabaleta 
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus bucayensisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus carlosinative   
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus ecuadorensisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus oroensisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus peruanusnative  Sardina 
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus scleropariusnative  Sardina 
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus simusnative  Sardina 
Characiformes Characidae Bryconamericus zamorensisnative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Bujurquina pardusnative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Bujurquina zamorensisendemic  Mojarra 
Siluriformes Aspredinidae Bunocephalus aleuropsisnative   
Siluriformes Aspredinidae Bunocephalus kneriinative Ecuador banjo catfish Carachita 
Siluriformes Aspredinidae Bunocephalus verrucosusnative Gnarled catfish Ciego 
Characiformes Chilodontidae Caenotropus labyrinthicusnative  Sardina 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Callichthys callichthysnative Cascarudo Caracha 
Perciformes Cichlidae Caquetaia myersinative  Vieja 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus leucasnative Bull shark Cazón 
Siluriformes Ariidae Cathorops fuerthiinative Congo sea catfish Bagre 
Siluriformes Ariidae Cathorops steindachnerinative Steindachner's sea catfish Bagre baboso 
Siluriformes Ariidae Cathorops tuyranative Besudo sea catfish  
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Centromochlus perugiaenative  Barbudito 
Characiformes Characidae Ceratobranchia elatiornative  Sardina 
Siluriformes Cetopsidae Cetopsis amphiloxanative  Ciego 
Siluriformes Cetopsidae Cetopsis candirunative  Ciego 
Siluriformes Cetopsidae Cetopsis coecutiensnative  Ciego 
Siluriformes Cetopsidae Cetopsis montananative   
Siluriformes Cetopsidae Cetopsis parmanative   
Siluriformes Cetopsidae Cetopsis plumbeanative  Ciego 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Cetopsorhamdia orinoconative  Barbudo 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Cetopsorhamdia phantasiaendemic  Barbudo 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Chaetostoma bifurcumnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Chaetostoma breveendemic  Carachama 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Chaetostoma dermorhynchumnative  Carachama 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Chaetostoma fischerinative  Carachama 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Chaetostoma marginatumnative  Raspabalsa 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Chaetostoma micropsnative  Raspabalsa 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Chaetostoma trimaculineumnative   
Characiformes Crenuchidae Characidium boehlkeinative  Sardina 
Characiformes Crenuchidae Characidium purpuratumnative  Sardina 
Characiformes Crenuchidae Characidium steindachnerinative  Sardina 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Cheirocerus equesnative  Barbudo 
Characiformes Chilodontidae Chilodus punctatusnative Spotted headstander Sardina 
Pleuronectiformes Paralichthyidae Citharichthys gilbertinative Bigmouth sanddab Lenguado 
Characiformes Triportheidae Clupeacharax anchoveoidesnative  Sardina 
Characiformes Lebiasinidae Copeina guttatanative Redspotted tetra Sardina 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras acutusnative Blacktop corydoras Caracha 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras arcuatusnative Skunk corydoras Caracha 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras atropersonatusnative  Caracha 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras leopardusnative  Caracha 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras leucomelasnative False spotted catfish Caracha 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras napoensisnative  Caracha 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras orphnopterusnative  Caracha 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras pastazensisnative Pastaza corydoras Caracha 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras splendensnative Emerald catfish Caracha 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras stenocephalusnative   
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Corydoras zygatusnative Black band catfish  
Characiformes Characidae Creagrutus amoenusnative  Sardina 
Characiformes Characidae Creagrutus barrigainative   
Characiformes Characidae Creagrutus flavescensnative   
Characiformes Characidae Creagrutus gephyrusnative  Sardina 
Characiformes Characidae Creagrutus gracilisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Creagrutus kunturusnative   
Characiformes Characidae Creagrutus muellerinative  Sardina 
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicara punctulatumnative Checkerboard cichlid Vieja 
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla anthurusnative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla cinctanative  Chui 
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla proteusnative  Chui 
Perciformes Cichlidae Crenicichla sedentarianative  Chui 
Characiformes Curimatidae Curimata asperanative  Boquiche 
Characiformes Curimatidae Curimatella meyerinative  Boquilla 
Characiformes Curimatidae Curimatopsis macrolepisnative Shinyscaled curimata Boquilla 
Characiformes Cynodontidae Cynodon gibbusnative  Perrito 
Characiformes Curimatidae Cyphocharax gouldinginative   
Characiformes Curimatidae Cyphocharax laticlaviusnative   
Characiformes Curimatidae Cyphocharax notatusnative   
Characiformes Curimatidae Cyphocharax pantostictosnative  Boquiche 
Characiformes Curimatidae Cyphocharax spiluropsisnative   
Characiformes Curimatidae Cyphocharax vexillapinnusnative   
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Dajaus monticolanative Mountain mullet Lisa 
Gymnotiformes Sternopygidae Distocyclus conirostrisnative  Anguila 
Perciformes Eleotridae Dormitator latifronsnative Pacific fat sleeper Chalaco 
Gymnotiformes Sternopygidae Eigenmannia virescensnative Glass knifefish Anguila 
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris pictanative Spotted sleeper Mongolo 
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris pisonisnative Spinycheek sleeper  
Characiformes Triportheidae Engraulisoma taeniatumnative  Sardinita 
Siluriformes Aspredinidae Ernstichthys intonsusnative  Carachita 
Siluriformes Aspredinidae Ernstichthys megistusnative   
Perciformes Gerreidae Eucinostomus curraninative Pacific flagfin mojarra  
Perciformes Gerreidae Eucinostomus gracilisnative Graceful mojarra Mojarra leiro 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Farlowella kneriinative  Palito 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Farlowella nattererinative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Farlowella odontotumulusnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Farlowella oxyrrynchanative  Palito 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Gladioglanis conquistadornative   
Gobiesociformes Gobiesocidae Gobiesox multitentaculusnative  Fondero 
Gobiesociformes Gobiesocidae Gobiesox strumosusnative Skilletfish  
Perciformes Gobiidae Gobioides peruanusnative Peruvian eelgoby Burrulango 
Perciformes Eleotridae Gobiomorus maculatusnative Pacific sleeper Cawa 
Characiformes Characidae Grundulus quitoensisnative   
Gymnotiformes Gymnotidae Gymnotus caraponative Banded knifefish Anguila 
Gymnotiformes Gymnotidae Gymnotus esmeraldasnative   
Gymnotiformes Gymnotidae Gymnotus javarinative   
Gymnotiformes Gymnotidae Gymnotus tigrenative   
Siluriformes Doradidae Hassar orestisnative  Bagre hueso 
Siluriformes Cetopsidae Helogenes marmoratusnative  Bagre 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hemiancistrus fugleriendemic  Raspabalsa 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hemiancistrus hammarlundiendemic  Raspabalsa 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hemiancistrus landoninative  Raspabalsa 
Characiformes Characidae Hemibrycon orcesinative  Sardina 
Characiformes Characidae Hemibrycon polyodonnative  Sardina 
Siluriformes Doradidae Hemidoras morrisinative  Bagre hueso 
Characiformes Characidae Hemigrammus lunatusnative  Sardina 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Hemisorubim platyrhynchosnative Porthole shovelnose catfish Barbudo 
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Henonemus punctatusnative  Bagrecito 
Perciformes Cichlidae Heroina isonycterinanative   
Characiformes Acestrorhynchidae Heterocharax macrolepisnative  Sardinita 
Siluriformes Ariidae Hexanematichthys henninative  Bagre 
Characiformes Erythrinidae Hoplerythrinus unitaeniatusnative Aimara Sardina 
Characiformes Erythrinidae Hoplias malabaricusnative Trahira Guanchiche 
Characiformes Erythrinidae Hoplias microlepisnative  Juanchiche 
Siluriformes Aspredinidae Hoplomyzon papillatusnative  Carachita 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Hoplosternum littoralenative Atipa  
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Horiomyzon retropinnatusnative  Barbudo 
Characiformes Cynodontidae Hydrolycus scomberoidesnative Payara Dientón 
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon ecuadorensisnative  Sardinita 
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon ecuadoriensisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon panamensisnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypoptopoma brevirostratumnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypoptopoma spectabilenative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypoptopoma sternoptychumnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypoptopoma thoracatumnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus annectensnative  Raspabalsa 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Hypostomus hemicochliodonnative   
Perciformes Blenniidae Hypsoblennius maculipinnanative   
Characiformes Prochilodontidae Ichthyoelephas humeralisnative  Bocochico 
Characiformes Iguanodectidae Iguanodectes spilurusnative  Sardina 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Imparfinis longicaudusendemic  Barbudo 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Imparfinis parvusnative  Barbudo 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Imparfinis stictonotusnative  Barbudo 
Characiformes Characidae Iotabrycon praecoxnative  Sardina 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Isorineloricaria spinosissimanative Zucchini catfish Raspabalsa 
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Ituglanis laticepsnative  Bagrecito 
Characiformes Characidae Jupiaba asymmetricanative  Sardinita 
Characiformes Characidae Knodus deltanative  Sardinita 
Characiformes Characidae Knodus gammanative  Sardinita 
Characiformes Characidae Knodus septentrionalisnative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Laetacara flavilabrisnative  Vieja 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Lamontichthys stibarosnative  Raspabalsa 
Characiformes Characidae Landonia latidensnative  Sardinita 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Lasiancistrus heteracanthusnative  Carachama 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Lasiancistrus schomburgkiinative   
Characiformes Lebiasinidae Lebiasina bimaculatanative Twospot lebiasina Guabina 
Characiformes Anostomidae Leporinus ecuadorensisendemic  Ratón 
Characiformes Anostomidae Leporinus jatuncochinative  Ratón 
Characiformes Anostomidae Leporinus pearsoninative  Septimo 
Characiformes Anostomidae Leporinus striatusnative  Sardina 
Characiformes Characidae Leptagoniates steindachnerinative  Sardinita 
Siluriformes Doradidae Leptodoras acipenserinusnative  Bagre hueso 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Lile stoliferanative Striped herring Pelada 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Limatulichthys griseusnative  Carachama 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Lipopterichthys carrioninative  Carachama 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Loricaria simillimanative  Carachama 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Megalechis pictanative Spotted hoplo Caracha 
Siluriformes Callichthyidae Megalechis thoracatanative   
Siluriformes Doradidae Megalodoras uranoscopusnative  Bagre hueso 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Megalonema platycephalumnative  Barbudo 
Characiformes Crenuchidae Melanocharacidium rexendemic  Sardina 
Perciformes Cichlidae Mesoheros festaenative Guayas cichlid Vieja 
Perciformes Cichlidae Mesoheros ornatusnative  Macho 
Siluriformes Pseudopimelodidae Microglanis pellopterygiusendemic  Barbudo 
Siluriformes Pseudopimelodidae Microglanis variegatusendemic  Barbudo 
Characiformes Characidae Moenkhausia naponisnative  Sardinita 
Perciformes Moronidae Morone saxatilisintroduced Striped bass  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil cephalusnative Flathead grey mullet Lisa 
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Myloplus rubripinnisnative Redhook myleus Sardinita 
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Mylossoma aureumnative  Palometa 
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Mylossoma duriventrenative  Sabaletín 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Nannoglanis fasciatusendemic  Barbudo 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Nemuroglanis lanceolatusnative   
Characiformes Characidae Odontostilbe ecuadorensisnative   
Characiformes Characidae Odontostilbe roloffinative  Sardinita 
Perciformes Carangidae Oligoplites saurusnative Leatherjacket Voladora mascapalo 
Salmoniformes Salmonidae Oncorhynchus mykissintroduced Rainbow trout Trucha arco iris 
Clupeiformes Pristigasteridae Opisthopterus effulgensnative Vaqueira longfin herring  
Siluriformes Doradidae Opsodoras stuebeliinative  Bagre hueso 
Perciformes Cichlidae Oreochromis niloticusintroduced Nile tilapia Tilapia 
Siluriformes Doradidae Ossancora punctatanative  Bagre hueso 
Osteoglossiformes Osteoglossidae Osteoglossum bicirrhosumnative Arawana Arawana 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Otocinclus huaoraninative   
Siluriformes Doradidae Oxydoras nigernative Ripsaw catfish Bagre hueso 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Pachyurus stewartinative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Panaqolus albomaculatusnative  Carachama 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Panaqolus dentexnative  Carachama 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Panaqolus gnomusnative Dwarf panaque  
Siluriformes Loricariidae Panaqolus nocturnusnative Dusky panaque  
Siluriformes Loricariidae Panaque titannative   
Siluriformes Cetopsidae Paracetopsis atahualpanative   
Siluriformes Cetopsidae Paracetopsis bleekerinative  Ciego 
Siluriformes Cetopsidae Paracetopsis esmeraldasnative   
Myliobatiformes Potamotrygonidae Paratrygon aierebanative Discus ray Raya 
Characiformes Parodontidae Parodon buckleyinative  Ratón 
Characiformes Parodontidae Parodon pongoensisnative Pongo characin Ratón 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Peckoltia bachinative  Carachama 
Clupeiformes Pristigasteridae Pellona castelnaeananative Amazon pellona  
Characiformes Characidae Phenacobrycon henninative  Sardina 
Characiformes Characidae Phenacogaster napoatilisnative   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Phractocephalus hemioliopterusnative Redtail catfish Guacamayo bagre 
Characiformes Lebiasinidae Piabucina astrigatanative  Guaija 
Characiformes Lebiasinidae Piabucina aureoguttatanative  Guaija 
Characiformes Lebiasinidae Piabucina elongatanative  Guaija 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Pimelodella buckleyinative  Barbudo 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Pimelodella elongataendemic  Barbudo 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Pimelodella griseaendemic  Barbudo 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Pimelodella modestusendemic  Barbudo 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pimelodus blochiinative Bloch's catfish Barbudo 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pimelodus jivaronative  Barbudo 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pimelodus ornatusnative  Barbudo 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pinirampus pirinampunative Flatwhiskered catfish Bagre 
Perciformes Sciaenidae Plagioscion squamosissimusnative South American silver croaker Corvina 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Platysilurus olallaenative   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Platystomatichthys sturionative  Bagre 
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Plectrochilus wienerinative  Canero 
Myliobatiformes Potamotrygonidae Plesiotrygon iwamaenative Long-tailed river stingray Raya 
Perciformes Haemulidae Pomadasys bayanusnative Purplemouth grunt Roncador corvina 
Beloniformes Belonidae Potamorrhaphis guianensisnative  Lápiz 
Characiformes Characidae Prionobrama filigeranative Glass bloodfin Sardina 
Clupeiformes Pristigasteridae Pristigaster whiteheadinative   
Characiformes Prochilodontidae Prochilodus nigricansnative Black prochilodus Bocachico 
Characiformes Curimatidae Psectrogaster amazonicanative  Boquiche 
Characiformes Anostomidae Pseudanos trimaculatusnative Threespot headstander Sardina 
Siluriformes Aspredinidae Pseudobunocephalus bifidusnative  Carachita 
Characiformes Characidae Pseudochalceus bohlkeinative   
Characiformes Characidae Pseudochalceus lineatusnative  Sardina 
Characiformes Characidae Pseudochalceus longianalisnative   
Characiformes Curimatidae Pseudocurimata boehlkeinative  Nayón 
Characiformes Curimatidae Pseudocurimata boulengerinative  Nayón 
Characiformes Curimatidae Pseudocurimata lineopunctatanative  Nayón 
Characiformes Curimatidae Pseudocurimata troscheliinative  Boquiche 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Pseudohemiodon apithanosnative  Caracha 
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Pseudophallus starksiinative  Caballito 
Siluriformes Pseudopimelodidae Pseudopimelodus pulchernative  Barbudo 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pseudoplatystoma fasciatumnative Barred sorubim Bagre rayado 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Pseudoplatystoma tigrinumnative Tiger sorubim Bagre rayado 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Pseudopoecilia festaenative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Pseudopoecilia frianative  Camotillo 
Beloniformes Belonidae Pseudotylosurus angusticepsnative  Pez lápiz aguja 
Siluriformes Aspredinidae Pterobunocephalus depressusnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Pterygoplichthys gibbicepsnative Leopard pleco Carachama 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Pterygoplichthys punctatusnative Corroncho Carachama 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Pterygoplichthys weberinative   
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Pygocentrus nattererinative Red piranha Piraña 
Characiformes Lebiasinidae Pyrrhulina obermullerinative   
Characiformes Lebiasinidae Pyrrhulina semifasciatanative  Sardina 
Gymnotiformes Sternopygidae Rhabdolichops cavicepsnative  Anguila 
Gymnotiformes Sternopygidae Rhabdolichops eastwardinative  Anguila 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rhadinoloricaria macromystaxnative  Carachama 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rhadinoloricaria rhaminative  Carachama 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Rhamdia cinerascensnative   
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Rhamdia poeyinative   
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Rhamdia quelennative South American catfish Bagre 
Characiformes Cynodontidae Rhaphiodon vulpinusnative Biara Dientón 
Siluriformes Doradidae Rhinodoras boehlkeinative  Bagre hueso 
Characiformes Characidae Rhoadsia altipinnaendemic  Sabaleta 
Characiformes Characidae Rhoadsia minornative  Sabaleta 
Siluriformes Doradidae Rhynchodoras woodsinative  Bagre hueso 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Rineloricaria jubatanative  Guitarra 
Characiformes Characidae Roeboides occidentalisnative  Dientón 
Characiformes Parodontidae Saccodon terminalisendemic  Sardina 
Characiformes Parodontidae Saccodon wagnerinative  Roncador 
Characiformes Bryconidae Salminus affinisnative  Dama 
Characiformes Bryconidae Salminus hilariinative  Dama 
Perciformes Cichlidae Satanoperca juruparinative Demon eartheater Vieja 
Siluriformes Ariidae Sciades dowiinative Flapnose sea catfish Bagre 
Characiformes Prochilodontidae Semaprochilodus insignisnative Kissing prochilodus Bocachico 
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Serrasalmus elongatusnative Slender piranha Piraña 
Characiformes Serrasalmidae Serrasalmus rhombeusnative Redeye piranha Piraña 
Perciformes Gobiidae Sicydium rosenbergiiendemic   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Sorubim elongatusnative Slender shovelnose catfish  
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Sorubim limanative Duckbill catfish Bagre 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Sorubim maniradiinative   
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Sorubimichthys planicepsnative Firewood catfish Bagre 
Gymnotiformes Hypopomidae Steatogenys elegansnative Barred knifefish Anguila 
Characiformes Curimatidae Steindachnerina bimaculatanative  Boquiche 
Characiformes Curimatidae Steindachnerina dobulanative  Boquiche 
Characiformes Curimatidae Steindachnerina guentherinative  Boquiche 
Gymnotiformes Apteronotidae Sternarchorhynchus curvirostrisnative  Anguila 
Gymnotiformes Apteronotidae Sternarchorhynchus stewartinative Stewart’s tube-snouted ghost knifefish  
Gymnotiformes Sternopygidae Sternopygus arenatusnative   
Gymnotiformes Sternopygidae Sternopygus macrurusnative Longtail knifefish Bio del rio 
Beloniformes Belonidae Strongylura exilisnative Californian needlefish Aguja brava 
Beloniformes Belonidae Strongylura fluviatilisnative   
Siluriformes Loricariidae Sturisomatichthys frenatumnative  Raspabalsa 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Sturisomatichthys panamensenative  Guitarrera 
Synbranchiformes Synbranchidae Synbranchus marmoratusnative Marbled swamp eel Culebra 
Siluriformes Auchenipteridae Tatia dunninative   
Siluriformes Doradidae Tenellus trimaculatusnative  Bagre hueso 
Batrachoidiformes Batrachoididae Thalassophryne amazonicanative   
Characiformes Gasteropelecidae Thoracocharax stellatusnative Spotfin hatchetfish Volador 
Siluriformes Doradidae Trachydoras steindachnerinative  Bagre hueso 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Transancistrus aequinoctialisendemic  Carachama 
Siluriformes Loricariidae Transancistrus santarosensisnative   
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Trichomycterus bomboizanusnative   
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Trichomycterus kneriinative  Bagrecito 
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Trichomycterus taenianative  Bagrecito 
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Trinectes fluviatilisnative  Lenguado 
Pleuronectiformes Achiridae Trinectes xanthurusnative   
Characiformes Triportheidae Triportheus albusnative  Pechón 
Characiformes Triportheidae Triportheus angulatusnative  Pechón 
Characiformes Triportheidae Triportheus elongatusnative Elongate hatchetfish Pechón 
Siluriformes Trichomycteridae Vandellia cirrhosanative Candiru Canero 
Characiformes Characidae Xenurobrycon heterodonnative  Sardina 
Siluriformes Aspredinidae Xyliphius lepturusnative  Carachita 
Siluriformes Aspredinidae Xyliphius melanopterusnative  Carachita 
Siluriformes Pimelodidae Zungaro zungaronative Gilded catfish Bagre blanco 
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