List of Freshwater Fishes reported from Belize
n = 84
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Table 1: 81 species currently present in the country/island (endemic, native, introduced, reintroduced);
Table 2: 0 species possibly present in the country/island (stray, questionable);
Table 3: 3 species demonstrated to be absent in the country/island (extirpated, not established, misidentification, error).
Table 4: 84 species reported from the country/island altogether.
Table 1: 81 species currently present in the country/island.
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Order Family Species Occurrence FishBase name Name
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoa belizensisnative Belize anchovy Belize anchovy 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Anchoa parvanative Little anchovy  
Anguilliformes Anguillidae Anguilla rostratanative American eel American eel 
Perciformes Sparidae Archosargus probatocephalusnative Sheepshead Southern sheeps head 
Siluriformes Ariidae Ariopsis assimilisnative Mayan sea catfish Mayan catfish 
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax aeneusnative Banded tetra Central tetra 
Characiformes Characidae Astyanax fasciatusnative Banded astyanax  
Lepisosteiformes Lepisosteidae Atractosteus tropicusnative Tropical gar  
Perciformes Gobiidae Awaous banananative River goby River goby 
Batrachoidiformes Batrachoididae Batrachoides gilbertinative Large-eye toadfish  
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Belonesox belizanusnative Top minnow Pike killifish 
Characiformes Bryconidae Brycon guatemalensisnative Machaca Macabil 
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae Carcharhinus leucasnative Bull shark Bull shark 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Carlhubbsia stuartinative Barred livebearer Barred livebearer 
Perciformes Centropomidae Centropomus ensiferusnative Swordspine snook Swordspine snook 
Perciformes Centropomidae Centropomus parallelusnative Fat snook Smallscale fat snook 
Perciformes Centropomidae Centropomus pectinatusnative Tarpon snook Tarpon snook 
Perciformes Centropomidae Centropomus poeyinative Mexican snook  
Perciformes Cichlidae Cincelichthys bocourtinative Chisel-tooth cichlid Chisel-tooth cichlid 
Perciformes Cichlidae Cribroheros robertsoninative False firemouth cichlid False firemouth cichlid 
Perciformes Cichlidae Cryptoheros chetumalensisnative   
Perciformes Cichlidae Cryptoheros spilurusnative Blue-eye cichlid Blue-eye cichlid 
Perciformes Gobiidae Ctenogobius claytoniinative Mexican goby  
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Cynodonichthys tenuisnative Dogtooth rivulus Dogtooth rivulus 
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Cyprinodon artifronsnative Yucatan pupfish Yucatan pupfish 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Dajaus monticolanative Mountain mullet Mountain mullet 
Perciformes Eleotridae Dormitator maculatusnative Fat sleeper Fat sleeper 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Dorosoma analenative Mexican river gizzard shad Longfin gizzard shad 
Clupeiformes Clupeidae Dorosoma petenensenative Threadfin shad Threadfin shad 
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris amblyopsisnative Large-scaled spinycheek sleeper Large-scaled spinycheek sleeper 
Perciformes Eleotridae Eleotris pisonisnative Spinycheek sleeper Small-scaled spinycheek sleeper 
Perciformes Gerreidae Eugerres plumierinative Striped mojarra Striped mojarra 
Perciformes Gobiidae Evorthodus lyricusnative Lyre goby Lrye goby 
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Floridichthys polyommusnative Ocellated killifish Ocellated killifish 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia lumanative Sleek mosquitofish Sleek mosquitofish 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia nicaraguensisnative Nicaraguan mosquitofish Nicaraguan mosquitofish 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia sexradiatanative Teardrop mosquito Teardrop mosquito 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Gambusia yucatananative Yucatan gambusia  
Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae Garmanella pulchranative Yucatan flagfish Orange flagfish 
Perciformes Gerreidae Gerres cinereusnative Yellow fin mojarra Yellowfin mojarra 
Perciformes Gobiidae Gobioides broussonnetiinative Violet goby Violet goby 
Perciformes Eleotridae Gobiomorus dormitornative Bigmouth sleeper Bigmouth sleeper 
Perciformes Gobiidae Gobiosoma yucatanumnative Yucatan goby Yucatan goby 
Characiformes Characidae Hyphessobrycon compressusnative Mayan tetra Mayan tetra 
Beloniformes Hemiramphidae Hyporhamphus roberti hildebrandinative Central American halfbeak Central American halfbeak 
Siluriformes Ictaluridae Ictalurus meridionalisnative Southern blue catfish  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Joturus pichardinative Bobo mullet  
Cyprinodontiformes Rivulidae Kryptolebias marmoratusnative Mangrove rivulus Mangrove rivulus 
Perciformes Gobiidae Lophogobius cyprinoidesnative Crested goby Crested goby 
Clupeiformes Engraulidae Lycengraulis grossidensnative Atlantic sabretooth anchovy  
Perciformes Cichlidae Mayaheros urophthalmusnative Mexican mojarra Mayan cichlid 
Elopiformes Megalopidae Megalops atlanticusnative Tarpon Tarpon 
Perciformes Centrarchidae Micropterus dolomieuintroduced Smallmouth bass  
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil lizanative Lebranche mullet Liza 
Mugiliformes Mugilidae Mugil trichodonnative  Fantail mullet 
Synbranchiformes Synbranchidae Ophisternon aenigmaticumnative Obscure swamp eel Obscure swamp eel 
Perciformes Cichlidae Parachromis friedrichsthaliinative Yellowjacket cichlid Mus mus 
Perciformes Cichlidae Petenia splendidanative Bay snook Blanco 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Phallichthys fairweatherinative Picotee livebearer Picotee livebearer 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia mexicananative Shortfin molly Shortfin molly 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia orrinative Mangrove molly Mangrove molly 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia petenensisnative Peten molly Petén molly 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Poecilia teresaeendemic Mountain molly Mountain molly 
Perciformes Haemulidae Pomadasys crocronative Burro grunt Burro grunt 
Cyprinodontiformes Profundulidae Profundulus guatemalensisnative   
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Pseudophallus mindiinative   
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Pseudoxiphophorus bimaculatusnative Twospot livebearer Twospot livebearer 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Rhamdia laticaudanative Filespine chulĂ­n Cave chulín 
Siluriformes Heptapteridae Rhamdia quelennative South American catfish Guatemalan chulín 
Perciformes Cichlidae Rocio octofasciatanative Jack Dempsey Jack dempsey 
Pleuronectiformes Cynoglossidae Symphurus plagiusanative Blackcheek tonguefish  
Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae Syngnathus scovellinative Gulf pipefish Gulf pipefish 
Perciformes Cichlidae Theraps intermediusnative Northern checkmark cichlid Northern checkmark cichlid 
Perciformes Cichlidae Thorichthys affinisnative Yellow meeki  
Perciformes Cichlidae Thorichthys aureusnative Blue flash Golden firemouth cichlid 
Perciformes Cichlidae Thorichthys meekinative Firemouth cichlid Panya gial 
Perciformes Cichlidae Trichromis salvininative Yellow belly cichlid Yellowbelly cichlid 
Perciformes Cichlidae Vieja maculicaudanative Blackbelt cichlid Blackbelt cichlid 
Perciformes Cichlidae Vieja melanuranative Redhead cichlid Redhead cichlid 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Xiphophorus helleriinative Green swordtail Green swordtail 
Cyprinodontiformes Poeciliidae Xiphophorus maculatusnative Southern platyfish Southern platyfish 
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